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Learning English is an exciting adventure that all school-age children face, but for some it can also be a very demanding learning experience. We talk about how to teach English to children with dyslexia. Here are some resources whether you are a parent and want to put it into practice at home or if you are a teacher!
First of all it would be correct to explain what is dyslexia. It is a reading and writing language disorder that occurs in a child with adequate general development and is characterized by difficulty in understanding written texts, as well as in differentiating or memorizing individual letters or groups of letters, among other problems.
It addresses the specific learning difficulties, along with others that fundamentally affect oral and written comprehension of language. It is also important to note that it is not an intellectual disability and that there is no known single and definite cause. The prevalence of this disorder ranges from 5 to 15% of the population, so it should not be underestimated.
Other important data reflected in the General Guide on Dyslexia, carried out by the Andalusian Association of Dyslexia, is that there is a high factor of dropping out of school by children with this difficulty in reading and learning, which occurs more in children than in children and that is usually something hereditary but I did not diagnose at the time.
Inserting a new language can be challenging for a child with dyslexia, Therefore, it is essential to know their weaknesses and strengths for a correct approach, considering that many of them have a low tolerance for frustration or attention deficit.
At the same time, it is a non-curable disorder, so each approach must be conditioned to the age group (it is not the same to work with children of preschool, school or adolescent age). The ideal is to individualize each case so that the process is more effectiveHowever, we will give some general measures that can contribute to learning English:
1. Evaluate the auditory process first through age-specific diagnostic tests, as many cases flow better in their learning when auditory limitations are removed.
2. Check the visual sphere, a refractive disorder (seeing well from far or near) can significantly limit the methods to be used.
3. Adapt the process to the rhythm of each child and use changing methods avoiding 'overlearning', that is, not teaching literacy in the same way multiple times. Doing it differently encourages more receptivity!
4. Take into account the use of multisensory methodsTell yourself to use touch, color, and movement as avenues of learning. If your child likes textures, draw the word in English and together you can fill it with glue from chopped pieces of fabric, newspaper ... And, when finished, have them go over the final word with their fingers.
5. Make use of simple songs in English. Also short and understandable sentences, where they break down the syllables that make up the words. This method applies to all ages, but it is much better for the little ones.
6. Find videos that associate the words in English with their respective imagesThat is, if you are teaching the word 'home', it is accompanied by a house in a simple figure (avoid being accompanied by many ornaments) to fix the visual component.
7. Encourage (depending on age) the use of computers to write texts with spell checkers and other available technologies. This is carried out by dosing and showing the importance of learning both the manual and the technological method.
8. Try to handle this with a multidisciplinary team with knowledge in dyslexia, such as a speech doctor, a teacher, a speech therapist, a psychologist, etc., And it is that working on the weaknesses most frequently found in them will improve the prognosis. It is also essential to do physical activity and regulate the hours of language learning.
Don't be biased because it is a new language. English tends to have a simpler morphosyntactic, semantic and pragmatic structuring than Spanish and although the new component in the reading - writing component of a child with dyslexia generates anxiety (both in them and in their parents), it can be a pleasant surprise.
The earlier we insert the new language, the better it will be! Brain plasticity is present even in the most advanced ages, but in the first 5 years of age it is more abundant. In turn, the signs of dyslexia are emphasized in children over 4 years of age.
Hopefully these recommendations help you in the management of this affectation where understanding, patience and perseverance are the key.
You can read more articles similar to The best resources for teaching English to children with dyslexia, in the Language category - On-site speech therapy.