Most pregnant women who are overweight manage to have a normal pregnancy. However, obesity in pregnancy carries risks for the mother such as pre-eclampsia or gestational diabetes and, by extension, for the fetus: spontaneous abortion, spina bifida or overweight babies. Follow a balanced and varied diet throughout the pregnancy will help prevent excessive weight gain.
The pregnant woman who is overweight must know what are the complications that can occur throughout the pregnancy and assess the risks involved:
- Preeclampsia: it is a disease associated with hypertension that causes seizures, muscle aches, swelling of the hands and feet, or headaches. The treatment for these cases is rest.
- Gestational diabetes: it is a disease that prevents the mother's body from metabolizing glucose. It poses a risk for the baby since it can become an obese child and as an adult develop the disease of diabetes.
- Cesarean delivery: complications are greater when there is obesity in pregnancy and usually lead to a slow labor ending in caesarean section.
- Preterm births: delivery can occur before the 37th week of pregnancy so a premature baby would be born. Although today even 80% of babies born in the 28th week of pregnancy survive, they are children with delayed development problems.
- Overweight: a high percentage of babies born to mothers who suffer from obesity in pregnancy have a high overweight and they tend to suffer from this excess weight in the future.
The best treatment for obesity in pregnant women is lose weight before pregnancy, always with a medical control to have a varied and balanced diet, since during pregnancy it is contraindicated to carry out weight loss diets. The body needs essential nutrients to help the baby develop.
The gynecologist will carry out a more intense control of your pregnancy if you are overweight, and will recommend do not gain more than 6 to 9 kilos throughout the entire gestation.
You can redirect your diet during pregnancy to create a healthy eating habit. Eating a healthy and balanced diet eliminating fast food, fried foods, industrial pastries and snacks will help you avoid gaining excessive weight during the 9 months of pregnancy.
Try not to lead a sedentary life and at least walk half an hour a day. It would be advisable, if you suffer from obesity in pregnancy, that you do moderate physical exercise. Swimming, yoga, Pilates or gymnastics for pregnant women are good resources to stay in shape.
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