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In recent years, one of the disorders that has the most presence and impact in the classroom is Attention Deficit Disorder with or without Hyperactivity (ADHD-ADD). But it is not something that only affects the child's educational area, but also the family and social area.
What difficulties can a child with hyperactivity present at school? What guidelines can we carry out to help you so that your presence in the classroom is like that of other children?
As general features of children with ADHD we can establish the following characteristics: they are children who have difficulty maintaining attention, show hyperactivity or excessive movement and are impulsive.
In addition to these traits, the child with Attention Deficit Disorder, whether it is with Hyperactivity or not, shows certain types of behaviors at school:
- Disruption of notebooks and tasks.
- Often loses or does not bring the necessary materials to class.
- He doesn't finish his homework.
- Interrupts frequently.
- Moves and gets up for no apparent reason.
- Difficulties accepting the rules.
- It gets confused and does not pay attention. It seems that he does not listen.
They also present a series of associated traits that we must bear in mind such as low self-esteem, bad behavior, learning difficulties, school problems, especially in their relationship with colleagues, greater risk of falling or being injured ...
On the other hand, they also show some more positive characteristics than the previous ones such as: extroversion, sympathy, creativity, artistic gifts, energy, independence or sensitivity.
You have to keep in mind that the child is not always aware of these behaviors and therefore it is essential not to penalize him for this reason, but to help him and teach him to become aware of them so that he himself is able to correct them. No two children are alike, and it is the same with children with ADHD. The important thing is to make an early diagnosis, and carry out a combined intervention of psychological treatment and if necessary pharmacological as well as family and school counseling.
Some guidelines for working in the classroom with these children are:
- Place him in a suitable place in the classroom. Close to the teacher, with his back to the window, next to a quiet colleague.
- Break your tasks down into small steps. The same in class assignments as in exams. Make sure that the child does not skip any steps, that he reads the tasks correctly, etc.
- Review the agenda, without scolding him, but reminding him what to write down.
- Reinforce the positive that you have done in the day.
- Make him be our assistant, assigning him tasks such as handing out exams, helping the teacher to carry materials, etc. So that we give way to that need to move, and we are also telling him that we have him and that he is of great help to us.
It is very important not to forget that ADHD is a disorder of neurobiological origin, and therefore an early diagnosis is essential to provide adequate help to the child, families and teachers and that the disorder has the least possible impact on the development of the child. little boy.
Jimena Ocampo Lozano
Expert in Early Intervention
Álava Reyes Psychology Center
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