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The effects of television on children

The effects of television on children


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The time that a child spends in front of the television is time that is left to other important activities such as reading, school work, play, interaction with the family and social development.

Children can learn things on television too: some may be educational, and others may be inappropriate or incorrect. In most cases, children do not know how to differentiate between content that suits them and those that do not, in the same way that their naivety makes it difficult to distinguish between fiction presented on television and reality.

When children are watching a television program, they are also under the influence of numerous commercials, some of which are for alcoholic beverages, fast food, and toys.

Children who watch too much television are exposed to a greater number of risks to their intellectual and emotional development. Some of them are the following:

- Get bad grades in school. It happens by spending more time on television than on homework and studying.
- Read fewer books. Too much television takes time away from reading.
- Do less physical exercise. Television is a serious danger of sedentary lifestyle for children.
- Having overweight problems. Sedentary lifestyle coupled with increased consumption of snaks and calorie products during the time you spend sitting in front of the television can increase your risk of obesity.
- Become passive children. The speed with which the sequences of images pass on television can make children lose themselves to other traditional games, which for them, become slow, boring and uninteresting.
- Understand partially what is seen. Violence, sexuality, race and gender stereotypes, and drug and alcohol abuse are common themes on television shows. Children are impressionable and may assume that what they see on television is normal, safe, and acceptable. Consequently, television also exposes children to types of behavior and attitudes that can be overwhelming and difficult to understand.

Children are the great ones exploited by television advertising. Toy manufacturers earn millions each year for bringing their children's products to market. Weekends and vacations are his preferred seasons, when even more financial benefits are generated. What's more, television advertising projects stereotypes related to racial, social, cultural, sexual aspects, as well as eating habits.

According to North American studies, an average of 23 advertisements are broadcast per hour, suggesting cereals, cookies, fast foods, sodas and sweets. That excessive number of commercials suggesting food is linked to childhood obesity. On the other hand, the exaggerated representation of body images perfect It can contribute to the problem of anorexia nervosa, especially in adolescents, due to the anxiety it causes. If an overweight child learns on television how important it is to maintain shape in an exaggerated way, he will develop complexes and consequently will follow the advice and diets that they say on television, apart from the erroneous values ​​that he will be assimilating.

More than half of ads contain information that is wrong, misleading, or both, but is believed by children to be true. In such a way that, television not only offers but also imposes experiences and conditions on our children, since they are the main target towards which most commercial advertisements are directed.

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Video: The Effects of Television on Children (October 2022).