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Considering how difficult it is to detect, treat and completely remove lice and nits from the head of children, our site has conducted a comprehensive and very informative interview with the pharmacist Cristina Abascal. In this interview, she explains to us what contagion is like, how it can be detected and what is the best treatment to eliminate these annoying parasites and their eggs.
What are lice and nits?
Lice are very tiny parasites, which do not have wings, and are whitish in color, except when they inoculate blood and turn red or black. It is very important to know that lice do not move by jumping or flying, but rather they move very quickly and hook onto the hair with their legs. The diet of lice is based on blood. During the day, you can feed yourself several times with blood, for 30 minutes. To break the life cycle of lice, they must be off their host for 48 hours. During this time, and without blood, lice do not survive.
Nits are the eggs of lice. They are very small granites, millimeter-sized, which are white when dead, or caramel in color. The female incubates them on the scalp, in areas such as behind the ears or on the nape of the neck, because that is where the temperature is highest and best for their growth.
Why is it important to detect lice early?
It is important to detect the presence of lice in children for how long to avoid infections from wounds caused by scratching and itching on the head of children. On the other hand, the presence of lice in children can affect their self-esteem. When it is known that a child has lice, this child is marginalized and away from games, and because they think he has them due to lack of hygiene, which is not true.
-How can you detect if children have lice?
The first sign that a child has lice is if they scratch their head intensely, because of the itch. The cause of the itching caused by lice is due to inoculation of the saliva that these parasites deposit on the head and which produce an allergic reaction. To check the head of children it is important to do it carefully, starting with the area behind the ears and the nape of the neck. Nits are very tiny, and can easily be mistaken for dandruff. The difference is that dandruff can be removed easily and nits cannot. If lice or nits are detected, treatment should be started as soon as possible.
How is the treatment to remove lice and nits?
There is anti-lice treatment in the form of lotions, sprays or shampoo. The most advisable thing is to buy a kit that has the lotion or spray, the shampoo. It usually includes a hat and a nitbox to make it easier to drag the nits. It is very important to follow everything that each treatment recommends. Once the lotion has been thoroughly rinsed, the children's hair will be checked strand by strand, and observe if there are any nits attached to the hair. They can be removed with the pressure of the nails, although it is best and most advisable to do it with the help of a finder.
How can you prevent the spread of lice at home?
The contagion of lice is by direct contact, that is, by rubbing one head against another, through a pillow, cushion, stuffed animals, sheets, blankets, or any object in the house that may be in contact with the affected child's head. . That is why it is very important not only to check the children's heads but also the objects they share. In the event that the child has lice and nits, it is necessary to wash at a temperature of 60 degrees, their sheets, blankets, clothes ... And stuffed animals, hats or sweaters, which cannot be subjected to these temperatures, put them in a plastic bag that closes well and keep them for a week. In this way, the nits and lice that they may have will die after 48 hours without feeding on human blood.
Home remedies for lice, do they work?
Many mothers have been telling us that they perform techniques such as putting alcohol on children's heads and keeping it covered for a while, but that has no scientifically proven effect. The only thing that works to remove nits is to use the dragging technique, either with the pressure of the nails or through a finder. On the other hand, vinegar can be useful, because it helps to remove nits more easily from the hair. It does not eliminate them, but it helps their drag. S
How can you prevent and repel lice?
Repellent products are effective, comfortable and are a good way to prevent children, after lice treatment or without treatment, from getting lice from other children. Repellent sprays are effective for about 6 hours. Depending on the product, it can be more or less effective. As for shampoos, the effectiveness time is longer, since you have to apply it day after day.
You can read more articles similar to Lice and nits in children, in the category of Lice and nits on site.