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Lice or Pediculosis: what should we do

Lice or Pediculosis: what should we do


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It is more and more frequent, and especially in the hottest times, the appearance of outbreaks of pediculosis in school-age children. An increase in this sense has been observed, especially in schools. Lice are a health problem that does not depend on the child's social class.

Lice, like nits, cause itching and other discomfort in children. For this reason, it is necessary to always monitor the head of children and if the presence of lice is observed, keep the child away from other people and immediately start treatment to eliminate them.

The louse reaches the head and grabs onto a hair, where it feeds by sucking the blood from the scalp. The females lay eggs (nits), which are attached to a hair as if it were a 'glue'. The nit has an oval white shape that is distinguished from dandruff because it is very attached and attached to the hair. From these eggs comes the louse that will soon become an adult and will begin to bite and lay more eggs.

Lice move from head to head in a very easy way. Therefore, it is necessary to take some adequate hygiene measures:

- Comb and brush the hair daily.

- Frequently check the head of children, mainly behind the ears and on the nape of the neck.

- Clean combs and brushes frequently.

- Do not exchange tools such as combs, hats, rubber bands, hairpins, etc.

If head lice are observed in children, you will need to do the following:

- Wet all hair and scalp with an antiparasitic lotion, preferably based on pyrethrins, which you will find in pharmacies. Do not wash your hair before applying that lotion. Neither should you cover your head with towels, because they absorb the product. You can only cover your head with a plastic cap. Only those who are infested will be treated with shampoo or pediculicidal lotion. The indiscriminate use of these products in children is not recommended.

- After 2 to 4 hours wash the hair with normal shampoo or pediculicide.

- Rinse with water and vinegar (one part vinegar and two parts water), to favor the removal of nits.

- Do not tumble dry.

- Once the hair has been rinsed, remove the nits by hand or with a closely spaced comb.

- Combs and all kinds of hair ornaments should be soaked for one hour in pediculicide lotion. Clothes, as well as towels, etc., should be washed in hot water.

- All the people who live with the parasitized child, must be checked and, if it is the case, treated in the same way.

If you want to know more about lice, we have prepared a series of lice and head lice videos with an expert who will give you a lot of information about what they are, how to prevent them and how to treat them.

You can read more articles similar to Lice or Pediculosis: what should we do, in the category of Lice and nits on site.


Video: Head Lice - Daily Dos of Dermatology (February 2023).