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Baby's skin has special characteristics and to keep it always healthy, it needs some simple care that parents must take into account. Newborn skin is 40 to 60 percent thinner than that of an adult and is therefore more permeable to many substances, which can be toxic. For this reason, products such as shampoos, gels and moisturizing creams or lotions must contain a concentration of ingredients especially for babies.
The thin layer of skin of babies is also prone to heat and water loss, a very important aspect to take into account, especially in newborns and premature babies. At this stage of life, the skin is chemically less acidic, due to lactic acid and a low content of fatty acids, which reduces its resistance to infectious and parasitic agents. And it is that the baby has not yet developed sufficient defensive mechanisms because its sebaceous glands are scarce and the development of the immune (defense) system is still immature.
All this conditions the risk of contracting infectious and inflammatory skin diseases. Therefore, both in winter and in summer, all care will be little when it comes to protecting the baby's skin. By following these tips, parents can ensure that their baby always has healthy skin. The skin is the largest organ and is more exposed to the weather, rubbing against clothing, water, sun and infections.
During winter, the baby's skin must be protected from all the aggressions that the cold can cause. Dermatologists agree that we should avoid giving very hot baths to the little ones during the coldest days of winter, to avoid that the skin remains dry, rough or cracked. The water should have a temperature of 30 to 32 degrees Celsius, and the bath should not last more than 15 minutes. In colder times we should avoid the use of soaps and sponges because they can remove the layer of fat that exists on the surface of the skin and that prevents water loss. Glycerin soaps are the most suitable for babies.
You also have to be careful with perfumes or colognes that contain products intended for babies. Moisturizing creams and lotions are essential for after bathing. Although it is very cold, we must also avoid covering babies with excess clothing. Babies who are very warm may have small red balls or pimples mainly on the neck, trunk and legs, which can cause the baby to scratch and swell the area. When the baby is very young, you should avoid direct contact with his skin with clothes made with synthetic fibers and wool. It is recommended that cotton clothes and towels be used to avoid, among other discomforts, atopic dermatitis.
During the summer, when parents spend more time with their children outdoors, it is necessary to protect the skin of children mainly against the sun's rays. It is essential to use a cream that has a suitable sunscreen for the baby's age. In addition, when the baby is in the sun, you should never forget to put on a hat or carry an umbrella in the stroller or stroller. Babies' skin can also be affected by insect bites such as mosquitoes, bees, and other flies. In these cases, prevention is better than cure. In pharmacies you can find repellants and wristbands that keep insects away from babies and young children.
Apart from external factors, diet is a factor to consider when taking care of the baby's skin. Everything you eat will reflect on your skin. Avoid foods that can cause allergies and introduce them into your diet one at a time and at the age indicated by your pediatrician. Be cautious if you have to give him medicine or have to apply a new cream or ointment. And in case your child has any skin alteration, whatever it may be, always tell your pediatrician. Some diseases such as chickenpox or measles often cause pimples and skin changes.
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